Agenzia DOLCI SOGNI by Coop. Soc. IL SOGNO a r.l.
Autorizzato Prov. Roma R.U. 1333 del 02/04/2012
 
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Coop. soc. IL SOGNO arl - Viale Regina Margherita 192 - 00198 ROMA
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Cooperativa "IL SOGNO"

Viale Regina Margherita, 192 - 00198 ROMA
Tel. +39.06.85301758 - Fax +39.06.85301756
Email: cpasogno@romeguide.it
COLUMBARIUM OF VIGNA PIGTAILS


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GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The three columbarium of Vigna Pigtails, between the Park of the Scipios and the Aurelian Walls near Porta Latina, in an area originally a sepulchral character, now surrounded by private villas with swimming pool, are excellent examples of this type of construction, which is spread almost exclusively in Rome between the Augustan Age and the Julio-Claudian.

The three underground rooms were dug about half the 800 by Marquis Bell and Peter Pigtails, who gave his name to the monuments.

The columbarium is a collective tomb was born to private initiative and generally managed by a board that is responsible for assigning and trading places. The majority of recipients were serfs and freedmen of the imperial house or important senatorial families, who could afford the expense, rather high, of such a burial, and that held in high esteem because they are buried in that particular place, together with other members of the same family servile. The columbaria are then underground structures characterized by high walls completely invaded by regular rows of small niches within and outside the cinerary urns painted a table or marble giving the name of the deceased.

The Prime Columbarium is a deep square chamber, with a central pillar supporting the vaulted roof. All the walls, even those of the pillar, are occupied by arched niches, for a total of 500 niches, many of which are still on the table with painted or carved the name of the deceased. Paintings Dionysiac scenes decorate the walls of the pillar. According to the Columbarium has a quadrangular plan, and housed up to 300 niches. The Hypogeum was decorated with paintings and polychrome stucco, the remains of which, with vegetal scrolls, masks and horns potori, are still visible on the walls. In particular, one of the niches is framed by a small shrine made of polychrome stucco rather refined. On the floor is the mosaic inscription of dedication on the part of two members of the funeral college.

The Third Columbarium is the least known, but also the richest, probably covered with slabs of marble and paintings and features travertine shelves that supported the loft of access to the upper niches. The plant has U-shaped and the tomb was also equipped with a ustrino, the place where occurred the cremation of corpses. It is noted that the niches are larger than the common and generally rectangular in shape, rather than semi-circular, and more numerous are the newsstands and arched niches, as well as marble slabs illustrating the deceased. A warning warns the visitor: I tangito, or Mortalis, revere Mane deos (do not touch, or deadly, respects the gods hands!).