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Anfiteatro Flavio - Colosseo
Piazza del Colosseo
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GENERAL INFORMATION:

Museum:Anfiteatro Flavio - Colosseo
Type: ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM
address: Piazza del Colosseo

Combined ticket for the Colosseum and Palatine court, 2-day.

Entire input € 12.00 + € 1.50 agency fees
Reduced admission € 7.50 + € 1.00 agency fees for EU citizens between 18 and 25 years

The ticket is valid for 2 consecutive days (or 3 or 7 depending on the circuit ) from the first use.

ARCHAEOLOGY CARD is valid for 7 days to Palazzo Massimo, Palazzo Altemps , Balbi Crypt , the Baths of Diocletian , the Colosseum , Roman Forum and Palatine Hill, Baths of Caracalla , Villa dei Quintiles , Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella :

€ 23.00 + € 2.00 ENTIRE agency fees
REDUCED € 13.00 + € 1.00 agency fees


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RULES 'OF PAYMENT








HOURS

open

08:30 to 16:30 last Sunday in October to 15 February : last input with output ore15.30 16.30
08:30 to 17:00 from 16 February to 15 March : last input with output ore16.00 17.00
08:30 to 17:30 from 16 March until the last Sunday in March: last admission 16.30 17.30 Output
08:30 to 19:15 last Sunday in March to 31 August : last entry at 18.15 Output 19.15
08:30 to 19:00 from September 1 to September 30 : exit with last admission 18.00 19.00
08:30 to 18:30 from 1 October to the last Saturday in October : 17.30 with last admission 18:30 Release
Friday open 8:30 to 14:00 , June 2, 13:30 to 19:15

closed

1st January, 1st May, 25th December

The Coliseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre or simply the Quirinale, is the most famous Roman amphitheatre, and is located in the city centre of Rome.

Able to hold up to 50,000 spectators, is the largest and most important Roman amphitheatre, and the most imposing monument of ancient Rome that has come down to us



History and architecture



"When colyseum stat stat stat et Roma et et colyseum cadet cadet et mundus when Rome when Rome et cadet et mundus" Bede



So the Venerable Bede, in the ninth century defines the Coliseum, become the symbol of Rome unique and unchallenged, its grandeur and beauty are responsible for such consideration among the Romans and visitors for centuries and centuries are fascinated by Rome and the Roman ruins and Christian made it the capital of paganism and Catholicism .

(Note 1)



This beautiful monument placed in the centre of the urban fabric of the city of Rome, is one of the few monuments that were received in the contemporary civilization of ancient Rome.



The site is the most important of the imperial city: the area previously occupied by Nero's Domus ground.

At the level topographic its realization represents a return to the people of the area carried out by the Flavian with the design and implementation of the 1st and most monumental masonry amphitheatre in Rome



The Coliseum, as the entire historical centre of Rome, has been included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage 'UNESCO in 1980.

(nota.2 )



Designed in an engineering so you can do more skilled work teams and at the same time for different sectors and for various constituent parts of the complex, still shows the magnitude of the capital of the Roman Empire and the glory of the emperors.



It is a building that echoes in eternity despite the abandonment by 509 AD and reuse medieval and modern .



The name derives from the coliseum colossal statue of the Emperor Nero, who stood there in front of the amphitheatre, the Flavian amphitheatre represents the image of the urban entertainment industry in ancient Rome: the building is a genre of entertainment that allusive very Roman beloved by the ancient one of the shows anfiteatrali (gladiator duels, death sentences and spectacular hunts various simulated) .



It has been calculated that it could accommodate 50,000 spectators; archaeologists and epigraphists could also rebuild the organization and arrangement of places in accordance with rules and specific laws .



It is also known as locus martyrdom of Christians, who often were sentenced to death as a common criminal in Roman society until Constantine that begins the process of prohibition and abandonment of pagan practices and customs violent alien to Christianity.



Shows and games in ancient Rome lasted, however, beyond the provisions and prohibitions of the Church Fathers and later imperial.

Only the sentences scenic and certain types of representations are less for a disuse and a metamorphosis of the costumes that leads to the formation of the civilization of late antiquity or low- Imperial and early medieval and Byzantine age.



Archaeological excavations have brought to light the inherent materials this building: faunal remains fairs used a few helmet, weapon and some fragments or pieces of the gadgets of the time (bottle bottoms with pictures of the coliseum etc.).



The building project was conceived under Vespasian, inaugurated by Titus in 80 AD, the facade is 50 meters high, the internal elliptical arena measuring 86x54 meters, the amphitheatre could seat 50,000 spectators, and was covered by an enormous canvas (velarium) to protect the public from the sun



Many spectators watched the games.



From the archaeological remains and earthenware coatings and waterproofing of the building shows that the arena to be flooded to simulate naval battles (navalia) .



Many remakes one another over time, partly as a result of fires, earthquakes and floods, to the end of its use and maintenance during the reign of Theodoric, in the sixth century .



In 509 AD, is staging a venatio in a building almost unusable.

(Note 3)



In the late empire it was used mainly for hunting, but there are flashes of the last gladiatorial munera, while in the Middle Ages was transformed into a fortress by the Frangipane family, then used as a "marble cutter" source of material for examination and then destroyed irreparably: following the closure of many quarries, to make up for the lack of marble was commonly used in medieval times to take it from the ancient monuments, the holes are still visible on the walls come from the plundering of iron clamps that held the stone blocks .



Pope Benedict XIV turned the amphitheatre in the holy place here in memory of the blood shed by the Christian martyrs, and in 1700 became part of the Cross according to the custom still in use.



The first effective interventions for the protection and restoration dates back to 1800, when the Coliseum was covered by vegetation and the charm of the Roman ruins attracted many tourists visiting Italy for the grand tour.

It was also brought to light the underlying structure of the arena, used in the past to accommodate the necessary facilities for the performance of games and also provided with elevators.



The most important studies are from the 80s in the twentieth century and decade.



The influx of tourists and pilgrims to Rome is always remarkable and its appeal to this arena now thanks to the proper evaluation and study current industry playful, sporty and scenic Roman.


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