Museum:Musei Vaticani e Cappella Sistina
address: Viale Vaticano
Open daily from Monday to Friday, from 8:45h to 16:45.
Saturday and first Sunday of each month from 8: 45h to 13:45.
The Vatican Museums are located in Viale Vaticano in Rome, inside the Vatican City State, is one of the largest art collection in the world, since it exposes the enormous collection of works of art accumulated over the centuries by Popes.
The museum was founded by Pope Julius II in the sixteenth century.
The Sistine Chapel and the papal apartments frescoed by Raphael are part of the works which museum visitors can admire in their path.
The first group, a collection of ancient sculptures, was established by Julius II (1503-13).
The idea of the museum was conceived by Clement XIII (1758-69), who with the assistance of Winckelmann had set up the Profane Museum.
With Clement XIV (1769-74) and Pius VI (1775-9) was the Museo Pio Clementino and in 1807-10, under Pius VII, set up by Canova Museum Chiaramonti.
In 1822 the New Wing was opened.
With Gregory XVI opened in 1837 and the Gregorian Etruscan Museum, the Gregorian Egyptian in 1839, in 1844 the Lateran Profane (now the Gregorian Profane) and then the Pio Christian.
In the first decades of the 1900 are set up the Ethnological Missionary Museum and the Art Gallery open to the public.
In 1973, Paul VI inaugurates the Historical Museum and the Collection of Modern Religious Art .
Pio Clementino Museum - collects specimens of ancient sculptures such as the Apollo Belvedere (130-140 AD), the Laocoon Group (first century AD).
The Apollo Sauroktonos and the Venus of Cnidus, the colossal head of Jupiter.
Interest are the two porphyry sarcophagi of Constance and Saint Helen, daughter and mother of Constantine respectively.
Chiaramonti Museum - hosts several Roman sculptures, such as the statue of Ganymede, a colossal head of Athena, a portrait of Tiberius, a relief with the Three Graces (first century AD).
In the Lapidary Gallery raccoltenumerose are pagan and Christian inscriptions and statues such as the Wounded Amazon, the Spearman, the huge statue of the Nile, the Augustus of Prima Porta.
Gregorian Etruscan Museum - contains several findings coming mostly from the nineteenth century excavations performed in Southern Etruria, such as the support of Regolini-Galassi tomb.
The exhibition includes sarcophagi and a rich collection of Greek vases, Etruscan and Italic.
Of note, the bilingual sepulchral stele of Todi with a double inscription in Latin and Gallic (second century BC.).
Gregorian Egyptian Museum - Designed by one of the first Italian Egyptologists father Ungarelli, a collection of statues of deities or characters of the royal family, as the mother and sister of Ramses II , sarcophagi, mummies and elements of the funeral.
Also rebuilt the statue decoration of Villa Adriana in Tivoli.
Gregorian Profane Museum - Exhibits Greek and Roman sculptures as three fragments of the Parthenon in Athens, the Head of Athena (460 BC), the Altar of Vicomagistri (first century AD).
And two large reliefs representing the Arrival of Vespasian in Rome the Departure of Domitian.
It also includes sarcophagi with mythological subjects.
The bronze copies stands the group of Athena and Marsyas.
Pio Christian Museum - It collects materials from the excavations in the Roman catacombs, several sarcophagi (third-fifth century AD), including a copy of the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus and the statue of the Good Shepherd (third century AD).
Ethnological Missionary Museum - documents the religious events and the cults of other continents.
Of particular relevance are the fifteenth century Aztec sculptures.
Indian sculptures of Hindu deities, ritual masks from Oceania and Africa.
Collection of Modern Religious Art - Partly set up in rooms of the Borgia, decorated by Pinturicchio, exhibits works by Rosai, Boccioni, Balla, De Chirico, Guttridge, ManzÃ¹.
Upper Galleries - The Gallery of the Candelabra contains archaeological material from Roman times, such as the sculptural group of Ganymede and the Eagle (second century AD).
And the statue of Artemis.
The Gallery of Tapestries exhibits Flemish tapestries (XVI century.
The Gallery of Maps displays 40 panels dedicated to the territory of Italy made in 1580-83.
Vatican Library Museum - It hosts several examples of sacred art: the Room of the Aldobrandini Wedding, with frescoes of the Roman period, the Sala dei Papyri, with gilded glasses of the early Christian period, the Sistine Hall, with frescoes by Cesare Nebbia and other artists, the Pauline Halls, the Alexandrine Hall and Clementine Gallery with sketches by Bernini.
Art Gallery - contains works dating from the twelfth to the eighteenth century.
Made by Pietro Lorenzetti, Simone Martini and Giotto, Fra Angelico, Masolino da Panicale, Filippo Lippi, Perugino, Pinturicchio, Titian, Veronese, Giulio Romano, Ludovico Carracci, Caravaggio (Deposition of Christ), Poussin, G.
Reni, Guercino, O.
Also exposed the clay models used by Bernini for sculptures of the Chapel of the Sacrament and the Chair of St.Peter and 10 tapestries made in Brussels designed by Raphael.