The State of the Vatican City (Latin name: Status Civitatis Vaticanæ, commonly called Vatican City or Vatican) is a country in Europe. It is the smallest independent state in the world for both population (836 inhabitants) and for spatial extent (0.44 km ²), but it also ranks second in Europe by population density.
The territory of the State of Vatican City is an enclave of the territory of the Italian Republic, being inserted into the urban fabric of the city of Rome itself. In the state there is a system of absolute monarchy elective type sheet headed by the Pope of the Catholic Church, from 13 March 2013, is Jorge Mario Bergoglio, reigning pope under the name of Francis. The Pope has the fullness of legislative, executive and judicial. During the seat vacant, his powers are made by the College of Cardinals. The official language of the State of Vatican City is Italian,
Città Del Vaticano Città Del Vaticano (Città Del Vaticano)
but Latin is the official language of the Holy See.
The State of the Vatican City beats its own currency, but due to customs and monetary union with Italy adopted the euro in the eight denominations of coins reported in the national side the effigy of the reigning pope or the Vatican subjects and issues its own used stamps for the postal service in the world. Important series of commemorative coins and stamps highly sought after by numismatists and philatelists around the world . The Vatican has also published a daily newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, the unofficial organ of the press founded in 1861 and, since 1931, operates a broadcaster, Vatican Radio, which broadcasts all over the world in various languages.