|he construction of the Domus Aurea (the Golden House) was considered
as one of the most crazy enterprises of the city . When two thirds of Rome were burnt down
by the big fire in 64 AD, emperor Nero (54-68 AD) used the free space for a new
accommodation. The architects have done all possible things to satisfy his megalomania.
The accommodation had to cover four districts. The palace itself radiated a tremendous
The most important part was a large rectangle at the Oppius hill where the four corner parts covered the four districts. The rooms, halls and corridors were abundantly decorated with gold, silver and precious stones. The eastern wing of the accommodation was used for public receptions. The western wing was the house of Nero. It was said that it had a round dining-room, which turned around day and night, inspired by the revolutions of the earth.
|ero wasn't the sole Roman who loved the 'rus
in urbe', the countryside elements and park -like scenery in the city. Vineyards, orchards,
vegetable gardens and parks, pastures and forests with grazing herds and animals appeared
around the palace, at the Caelius, near the Fagutal - the altar in the holy forest at the
Esquiline, and at the Oppius. Near by the entrance of the Domus Aurea stood a gigantic
statue of Nero, the Colossus Neronis.
It was a bronze statue of a male with a height of 37,2 meters and carved by the Greek Zenodoros.
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