c_left.jpg (468 byte)

Archeological Areas

c_ight.jpg (447 byte)

archeologicaňl areas from A to Z

Archeological areas in Rome
A B C D E F
G H I L M N
O P Q R S T
U V X Y Z
back to monuments and museums of Monuments and Museums

VIA APPIA: it was one of the most important roads of the Roman
Empire; it was layed out in 312 b.C. by the censor Appio Claudio and went from Rome to Brindisi.
From porta S. Sebastiano to the GRA

ARA PACIS: PEACE ALTAR: imposing and beautiful altar, it was erected between 13 and 9 b.C. by Augustus to celebrate the peace established all over the Roman Empire, after his successful campains in Spain and Gaul.


L.go Augusto Imperatore
Tel. 06/68806848
Visiting hours: 9a.m.-1,30p.m.; tue / sat .
Entry: L. 3750.

go to top


ARCH OF COSTANTINE: it is the biggest triple arch in Rome. It was erected in 315 by the Senate and by the Roman people to honour of Costantine's victory over Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge. It is realized with structures and decorations belonging to monuments from previous ages.

P.zza del Colosseo.

go to top


ARDEATINE BASTION also known as del Sangallo, from the name of the architect who build it, Antonio da Sanagallo the Younger, was part of the project for the reinforcment of the walls ordered by Pope Paul III after the Sack of Rome. This fortificatio, together with the Bastion della Colonella in Via Marmorata, was the only one one of its kind as the defensive programme was interrupted for for lack of funds and the diminished danger posed by the Otoman Empire. The bastion   is characterised by its high and imposing walls,a stone cordon and the large coat- of -arms of Paul V.

Viale di Porta Ardeatina - 00154
For information and to book a visit call 06/67103833

go to top


AREA SACRA DI LARGO ARGENTINA The sacred area of Largo Argentina, recognised by the Porticus Minucia Vetus, founded by Consul M. Minucio Rufo towards the end of the second century BC, is one of the most valuable reliquiae of the urban farbric of Republican Rome and an important archaeological indication of the succession of the levels between the mid Republican age and the medieval and modern period.

Via San Nicola de'Cesarini - 00186

go to top


AREA SACRA DI S. OMOBONO The area takes it name from the church of S. Omobono, which is situated within it. The remains which came to light, following demolition work in the years 1936 - 37, comprise a square foundation measuring 27 thousand square metres on which the twin temples of Fortuna and Mater Matuta were built. Their first construction goes back to the beginning of the fifth century BC, after which a sreies of successive reconstruction took place up until the era of Hadrian. In the deeper levels a temple of the period of Servio Tullio (mid sixth century BC) was found, decorated with terracotta and painted statues, while from the materials covering the temple objects going back to the XIV century BC were found, belonging to the urban fabric exsisting in that period on the Capitol.

Via del Vico Jugario, 4 - 00186

go to top


AUDITORIUM DI MECENATE The name of the building goes back to the times of the original excavation and is due to its position inside the "horti (gardens) of Mecenate" and to the monument's shape. However it is probable that the building was a summer triclinium.Elements of particular interest are frescos of the firs century AD.The building was built at the end of the Repubblican era in opus reticulatum ( a reticulated brick work structure), and inserted inside the earth works behind the Servian walls, of which some blocks are still visible in the external wall.

Largo Leopardi, 2 - 00185 Roma -
Tel. 06.4873262
Opening hours:
From 1 October to 31 March
from Tuesdays to Saturdays 9 am. to 1.30 pm.
from 1 april to 30 september 
from Tuesdays to Saturdays  9 am. to 7 pm.
holidays 9 am. to 1.30 pm. mondays closed
Addmision charges full tickets lit. 3.750; reduced Lit. 2.500 Pubblic Transport : 16, 71, 590

go to top


AURELIAN WALL: erected by Aurelius (270-275) to protect Rome from
the threat of the barbaric invasions, the walls have a circumference of about 18 km opened by 13 doors.

go to top


BATHS OF CARACALLA: were opened by the emperor Caracalla between 212 and 217 a.d., these baths were considered the most beautiful in Rome and could accomodate up to 1600 guest a day.

V.le delle Terme di Caracalla, 52.
Tel. 06/5758626
Visiting hours: 9a.m.-5p.m. / mon - sun 9a.m.-2p.m.
Entry: L. 8000

go to top


CIRCO DI MASSENZIO   e MAUSOLEO DI ROMOLO the monument is made up of three main buildings: the palazzo, the circus and the mausoleum. They were designed as a part of a single unified architectual whole in order to celebrate the Emperor Massenzio, the unfortunate adversary of Constantine the Great in the battle of the Milivian Bridge in 312 BC.

Via Appia Antica, 153 00178
Tel. 06/7801324
From 1 October to 31 March
from Tuesdays to Saturdays 9 am. to 1.30 pm.
from 1 april to 30 september 
from Tuesdays to Saturdays  9 am. to 7 pm.
holidays 9 am. to 1.30 pm. mondays closed
Addmision charges full tickets lit. 3.750; reduced Lit. 2.500 Pubblic

go to top


CIRCUS MAXIMUS: it is the most ancient Roman stadium. It was built at the beginning of the
IV century b.C. and ended in 549 to watch horse and two-wheeled chariot races.

If you want to know more about the Circus Maximus click here

V. del Circo Massimo.

go to top


CISTERNA ROMANA: along the major road of the capital the remains are still visible of a building of the first and second century AD. The monument was discovered at the end of the 1930s in the course of embankment work for the construction of Via Imperiale, when the demolition of rustic cottage, evidence of agricultural explotation of the Roman suburbs which from the late Republi era up continunued up to this century, indicated a much older building complex. Initialy the building was thought to be a temple or a funeral monument. Only later, in the post - war, was it recognised as a cistern.

Via Cristoforo Colombo, at number 142 , 00147 Roma

go to top


Click here to see more information about ColosseumCOLOSSEUM: also called Amphitheater of Flavio, it is the biggest monument of the Roman Empire. It was built by Vespasiano at the beginning of 72 a.d. and ended in 80.
It entertained the people with gladiatorial combats and fights with wild beasts. 

If you want to know more about Colosseum click here

P.zza del Colosseo.
Tel. 06/7004261.
Visiting hours: 9a.m.- 5.30p.m.; wed/ sun 9a.m.-1p.m..
Entry: L. 8000.

go to top


The Domus Aurea reopened to the pubblic. Closed since the early 1980s, Nero’s villa was erected after the great fire of 64 A.D. the visitor’s itinerar leads through the various rich interior spaces and rooms specially illuminated by a new system. Domus Aurea

EXCUBITORIUM della VII Coorte dei Vigili wasdiscovered by chance in 1865, at about 8 m below ground level. The building originally a civil construction, was transformed into a barracks in the second century of the VII corps of the fire brigade that operate in zone in the times of Augustus.

Via della VII Coorte, 9 - oo153 Roma
 
see the site dedicated to EXCUBITORIUM, discovery,archeological escavation... it use...and much more....CLICK HERE

go to top


FORI IMPERIALI: great archeologic site which includes the Cesar's Forum, the Forum of Augustus and the one of Nerva, temporarely closed to the public. Along this street we can enjoy an evocative panorama.

ROMAN FORUM AND PALATINE: one of the most important archeological areas in the world, its building began in the V century b.C. Place of meetings of the ancient Romans, it played an important role either in religious, as in political and economic life.

L.go Romolo e Remo
Tel. 06/6990110
Visiting hours: 9a.m.-4.30p.m. / sun 9a.m.-1p.m.
Entry: L. 12000

go to top


FORUM OF THE CAESAR , errected on pre - existing buildings as a vow to the goddess Venus, also remebered with a marvelous temple that glorified Caesar as its protégeé. It was restored under Trajan, and inaugurated together with the column of the same name.


INSULA ROMANA Between the Vitoriano ( The monument of Unknown Soldier) and the stairway of Area Coeli the remains of an Insula, that is Roma rented house and the most common form of habitation in Imperial Rome, can be found.

At the stairway of Area Coeli - 00186 Roma

go to top


INSULA ROMANA Three storeys of the remains of an isula romana are preserved under Palazzo Specchi. The building dates back to the times of Emperor Domitian ( first century AD) with enlargments carried out in the third and fourth centuries. A tower and teh remains of medieval walls are conserved in the Central Library of Children, situated in the first floor of the fiftehhnth century building.

Via di San Paolo all Regola, 16 - 00186

go to top


IPOGEO The hypogeum was discovered in 1923 during recostruction work on civil building. At present only a small trapezoidal section on the north side still exsist. Originally the subterranean building, accessed via steps, had an elongated design with a short southern apsidal wall. The back wall which is still visible, is devided into three arcades. Under the central arcade there is deep rectangular tank. The hypogeum is richly decorated with friezes and mosaics of which the finest are the pictures of Diana the huntress, a nymph in the act of stroking a roe-deer and the representation of the miracle of the fountain.Building dates to the second half of the second half of the fourth century AD, its function is not altogether clear.It is likely that it was a nympheum or a monumental fountain, which would be borne out by the symbolism of the pictorial decoration.

Via Livenza, 4  - 00198, Rome

go to top


LUDUS MAGNUS The Ludus Magnus is found in the valley between Colle Opio and the Celio. The part at present which can be visited is situated between Via Labicana and Via di San Giovanni in Lanterano. The monument is the product of various construction phases. Under the floor of the arena a series of structures which refer to the Republican and Augustan era were found, while the construction of the Ludus itself was the work of Domitian, whith its rectangular courtyard and the tabernae (taverns), an arcade made of columns and an elliptical area with a horse-shaped auditorium or cavea. Between the second and the fourth century various forms of restoration work were carried out. Trajan raised the entire complex, including the arena and later work was carried out under Odoacre.The four sided portico, 100 m per side is made from the cells destined to house the gladiators and the services. A small cavea, for a limited number of persons, surrounded the elliptical arena.

Via Labicana (at the corner with Piazza Colosseo) - 00184, Roma

go to top


MAUSOLEO DI AUGUSTO This is the dynastic tomb of the emperor and his family. Built by Augustus in 29 AD in the northern part of Campo Marzio in the Middle of woods and pleasent gardens. The monument is a circular and is about 90 m in diameter, once interred like a tumulus and surmounted by cypresses and the bronze statue of the emperor. In the course of the centuries it underwent various changes until it eventually became an open air amphitheatre, the Corea, and fianally an auditorium. In 1930's all the superstructures were removed and the original structure was restored.

Piazza Augusto Imperatore - 00186, Rome

go to top


MAUSOLEO DEI GORDIANI E BASILICA PALEOCRISTIANA Situated in the green of the Gordian Park, which takes its name from the imperial family of the third century AD, to which the ownership of the area was attrbuted, not only are the remains of the villa and its annexes visible, but also the remains of the mausoleum and a paleo- Christian basilica. The precise date of these great buildings, however, is not known.The structure of mausoleum was probably built in the time of Diocletian or shortly later on account of the presence of data stamps of this period and for its similarity to other compxes built near to the paleo - Christian basilica.

Villa Gordiani at Via Prenestina - 00177 , Rome

go to top


MAUSOLEO DI LUCILO PETO The monument is situated on Via Salaria, about 500 m from the Aurelian walls. The tomb with a circular design is made up of a tambour with a nucleus in cement, covered by travertine panel decorations. The entrance of the mausoleum is at the back which through a corridor leads to a cruciform shaped sepulchral cell. At the centre of the principal facade there is an inscription which attributes the mausoleum to Lucilio Peto and his sister Lucila Polla, wealthy members of the Lucilia family.The monument was built at the edn of the first century AD, and later abandoned. In the Trajan period it was almost wholly interred but it had a second life in the fourth century AD when it was reused and trasformed into a small catacomb.

Via Salaria, 125 - 00198, Rome

MAUSOLEO called "MONTE DEL GRANO" Side by side with the modern Tuscolana, slightly beyond Via di Pora Furba, a 12 m high artificial hill is found in the middle of a small park spared from the assault of intensive building developments. It is all that remains of the one of the most important mausoleums of the ancient world, known by the name of mount of grain an account of its form similar to an overtirned bushel of grain.

Parco di Monte del Grano at Piazza dei Tribuni - 00175

MAUSOLEO called "IL TORRIONE"The remains of a large circular funeral monument, originally in the form of a tumulus, are still visible.Its 41 m diameter places it among one of the largest in Rome, after Mausoleum of Augustus and the "Mount of Grain". Nothing remains of the original marble covering, while the present covering in tuff is probably due to restoration work that took  place in the seventeenth century.

Via Prenestina ( at the corner with Via B. Colleoni) - 00176, Rome

MITREO DEL CIRCO MASSIMO In the course of building work in 1931 in Via dell'area Massima di Ercole, the remains of a building which faced the carceres of Circo Massimo and dates back to imperial times (second century AD) came to light. On the ground floor of this building there is a mitreo, or temple dedicated to the mystic rites of the Iranian- Babylonese god Mithra which was built in the third century. The cult of this divinity reached its hight in the Roman Empire between the second and fourth century AD. The central part of the rite was the sacrifice of a cosmic bull, which, dying gave life to the universe. The representation of the myth was generally sculptured in large relief designs which, however, in this temple were not found in their usual place but placed in one of the central environments of the sanctuary, the speleum, the grotto in which the encounter with the god took took place after various degrees of purification. Above the relief, there is the donor's inscription sculptured into the stone: "TO THE INVINCIBLE SUN GOD MITRA, TIBERIO CLAUDIUS HERMES HAVING TAKEN A VOW, OFFERS THIS IMAGE OF THE GOD".

Via Prenestina ( at the corner with Via B. Colleoni) - 00176, Rome

go to top


Monte Testaccio is the highest of the so called archeological mounds, that i s mounds formed in Rome on the ruins of ancient monuments or produced from heapps of building debris ( examples of the latter are Monte Citorio, Monte Savello, Monte Giordano). They began to be formefd in imperial times, as accumulations of amphorae used for the transport of food, and unloaded from the nearby port of Ripa Grande.

Via Galvani, 24 - 00153, Rome

go to top


Nerva's Forum is next to the Trajan Forum, and it is also called Transitory (97 A.D), since it is formed of a narrow and long way that used to connect the exsistent forums to the temple of the Peace. At its extremity was the temple entitled to Minerva, the only remains of which are two columns called "colonnace", and the attic on which is the statue of the goddess with a frieze. It represents the Greek myth of Archanis, the young girl who was transformed by the goddess in a spider as she has challenged her in the art of embroidering


Ninfeo was discovered in 1895 during work on the road and it is today divided by the wall sustaining the road. Originally, it had a semi-eliptical form with a pool at the centre and was decorated with niches of which four are still visible. The monument dates back to the end of the Republican era and the period of Augustus.

Via degli Annibaldi ( at the corner with via del Fagutale) - 00184, Rome

go to top


PANTHEON: built the first time by Agrippa in 56 b.C. , it was restored by Adriano at the beginning of the II century a.d. and dedicated to "All the Divinities." In 609 the emperor Foca handed it over to pope Bonifacio IV who transformed it in the church of S. Maria ad Martyres.

If You want to know more about Pantheon click here

P.zza della Rotonda
Tel. 06/68300230
Visiting hours: 9a.m.-6p.m. / sun 9a.m.-1p.m.
Entry: free

go to top


Stadio di Domiziano Piazza Navona marks the limits and the dimensions of the ancient stadium. The remains of the walls of the cavea are conserved in the cellars of the house next to the piazza and particulary under the church of  S.Agnese in Angone. The Stadium of Domitian , built by the emperor in 86 AD, for athletic games could host about 30.000 spectators. Its external facade was formed by t5wo sets of overlapping travertine arches decorated with groups of statues among which the so-called Pasquino. The remains of statues, among which a Roman copy of the Apollo Liceo by Praxiteles are visible inside the archeological area.

Piazza di Tor Sanguina, 13 - 00186, Rome

go to top

--


TRAJANIS MARKETS: considered one of the wonders of the classic world, the markets were built by the emperor Trajan, at the beginnig of the II century a.d., under the project of his architect Apollodoro of Damasco.

Via IV novembre
Tel. 06/6790048
Visiting hours: 9a.m.-1p.m. / tue - sat 9a.m.-12.30a.m.
Entry: L. 3750


go to top

THEATRE OF MARCELLUS: begun by Caesar and finished by August, between 13 and
11 b.C., this theater was devoted to the memory of Marco Claudio Marcello, nephew of August, who deceased when he was only 19 years old.

Via del Teatro Marcello
Entry forbidden to the public.

go to top


Torre dei Conti : This ios the larges of the towers owned by the family Conti. It was built in approximately 869 on the remains of the Templum Telluris, and making use of the naos for its foundations.In 1933 it was restored and although it reached a height of 30 meters it was much smaller than the original building, of which the impression created by its sheer size and by the buttresses still lives on.

Largo Corrado Ricci - 00186, Rome
For information and reservation call 06.67103833

go to top


Villa di Plinio : The remains of the luxurious seaside villa, which was connected to Rome, as were the others, by the Via Severiana, include a courtyard with four arcades in reticular brick work inside which  can be found a reconstructed brick arch which belonged to an internal colonnade, an adjacnet chamber with mosaic floor, a thermal area with a beautiful black and white mosaic depicting Neptune with his trident on a chariot drawn by sea - horses and marine animals.

Largo Corrado Ricci - 00186, Rome
For information and reservation call 06.67103833

go to top