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Fountains of Rome
Fontana della Dea Roma(Campidoglio)
The fountain of the Capitol also known as the "Senate steps " and "Pallas kidnapped" was conceived by Michelangelo in the years around 1536, not as a fountain (the water came to the Capitol fifty years later), but as a superb ornament of square. In the central niche of the steps Michelangelo inserted a colossal statue of Minerva (now in the courtyard of the Capitoline Museum), which was placed in 1583, but remained there for a decade, then was replaced by the current statue of more modest size, the goddess Roma Triumphans. The statue of the goddess of Roma, built on three foundations, has the face and extremities in white marble, while the drapery is porphyry. On either side of the large niche in the panels of the staircase Michelangelo inserted two huge statues depicting the river Nile and the Tigris that originally
adorned the Baths of Constantine on the Quirinal Hill. The Romans wanted to turn the Tigris into the Tiber, and then changed the tiger into a wolf, and placed next to Romulus and Remus. To adapt to the whole complex fountain Senate steps, an idea to which the architect Giacomo della Porta was opposed by force, was banned (whether only for the many Roman fountains of the sixteenth century), a competition that was won, among countless controversies, in January 1588 by Matthew Bartolani of CittÃ di Castello.