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The Ara Pacis is the first construction of architecture built in the historical centre of Rome since the end of Fascism.
The project was designed by the architect Richard Meier, the author of some of the most notable museums of the second half in the 20th century.
The Ara Pacis represents one of the highest examples of classic art.
The Senate decided to built an altar to Peace dedicated to Augustus, due to its return from Gaul and from Spain where, in the course of three years, he had consolidated the power of Rome and his own power, he had opened new ways and founded colonies.
The altar was built along the via Flaminia, at the border with the northernmost part of the Field of Mars, but the alluvial soil of the area and the floods of the Tiber caused the burial of the Ara.
of the monument was decided in 1937/38 in the bimillenary of Augustus birth.
It was given to archaeologist Giuseppe Moretti and was realized in the summer of 1938 inside the pavillion of via di Ripetta, hurriedly built from a project by Ballio Morpurgo.
Due to the location on the banks of the Tiber, the Ara Pacis risked to be destroyed by the inappropriateness of its container that could not protect it from traffic, exhaust fumes, overheating, humidity and greasy and acidic dust that deposited all over its surface.
For this reason, the new complex has been planned to preserve the monument in accordance with the most up to date conservation criteria.