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CHURCHES AND BASILICAS
Churches and Basilicas
Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura
The Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls is one of the four papal basilicas of Rome, the second largest after St. Peter's in the Vatican.
It is located along the Via Ostiense, near the left bank of the Tiber, about two kilometers outside the Aurelian walls (hence its name) from Porta San Paolo. It stands on the spot which tradition identifies as the tomb of the apostle Paul (about 3 km from the site - known as "Tre Fontane" - in which he was martyred and beheaded); the saint's tomb is under the main altar, said papal altar. For this reason, over the centuries, has always been a place of pilgrimage; since 1300, the date of the first Holy Year, is part of the Jubilee indulgence to get there and we celebrate the rite of the Holy Door.
The entire complex of buildings does not belong to the Italian Republic,